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Horrific experiments conducted on men

02-07-2016, 08:47 AM #1
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One of the most frightening things about unethical medical research is the tendency of researchers to exploit vulnerable populations.

Most often, these populations are predominantly, or even entirely, male.

One of the examples of this history was in the discovery of niacin deficiency as the culprit of a disorder known as pellagra.

Symptoms of pellagra range from alopecia and skin lesions to ataxia, paralysis in the extremities, confusion, aggression, nerve damage and eventual dementia.

Difficulty in identifying the cause of this terrible disease arose in a curious way—after the introduction of maize as a staple food in Europe, pellagra became epidemic in poor populations, yet it was non-existent in the populations of indigenous Americans who relied just as heavily on maize as a staple, because of different treatment processes for the grain that made its niacin nutritionally available.

In 1915, Joseph Goldberger through observations of children in orphanages and patients in mental hospitals demonstrated a link between pellagra and diet.

A decade later, he induced pellagra through a restricted diet in 11 prisoners at Rankin Prison Farm in Mississippi.

In one documentary regarding this study, the subjects were described as begging to be placed back on a regular diet when early, neurological symptoms developed, even if this meant they would no longer be eligible for the early release that had been promised as compensation for their participation.

More sinister is the case of Albert Kligman, a dermatologist socializing in fungal infections who co-invented Retin-A, a popular acne medication, in the late 1960s.

But there was other work available to Kligman. In 1965 and 66, at the behest of Dow Chemical, he exposed 75 prisoners at Holmesburg Prison in Philadelphia to high doses of dioxin, the toxic ingredient in Agent Orange, to test its effects.

Some subjects were intentionally exposed to pathogens, resulting in herpes and staph infections. Unwilling to rest on his laurels, Kligman went on to test psychoactive drugs on other inmates for the US Department of Defence.

He was eventually sued, along with the University of Pennsylvania and Johnson and Johnson over violations of the Nuremberg Code. The case was dismissed under the Statute of Limitations, but was instrumental in causing the enactment of federal regulations protecting prison inmates from unethical medical testing.

So. What’s a researcher to do when he wants to conduct an experiment and the ethical regulations won’t even authorize him to use prison inmates as test subjects?

Go to Africa, of course.

Much has been made about the significant biases in the three “African studies” regarding circumcision’s impact on HIV transmission.

These studies contained at least 9 forms of research bias that may have impacted the results, from a lack of double blindness to lead time bias to biases in their cited materials, to “no comment” regarding higher HIV acquisition rates in the majority of neighbouring countries where circumcision is already the norm.

Few, however, have examined the implications of the “structural, economic and social power differentials” between wealthy and powerful foreign interests and their mostly marginalized, poor and uninformed test subjects living under the looming spectre of a deadly, communicable disease. Particularly in light of the fact that experiments designed as these three were would almost certainly never made it past an ethics board’s smell test in any modern western democracy.

Availability of treatments for HIV and Aids in Uganda, South Africa and Kenya is not what it is in the US, Canada or the UK, and the virus is widespread. These men were desperate people living under constant fear of HIV, with little to no access to treatments if infected, and being offered a “surgical vaccine” by smart, wealthy bigwigs from the World Health organization and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

No less unethical is the description by these massively wealthy and powerful bodies of circumcision’s marginal reduction in transmission rates of HIV as a “vaccine”. Risk compensation is a thing, yo. And it seems to have played out exactly as some researchers from Michigan State University were predicting back in 2010.

After being led to erroneously believe that their circumcisions are a panacea for HIV acquisition, will large numbers of circumcised men in the areas targeted by the WHO’s program decide condoms just aren’t necessary? And if they do, how might this affect the already higher HIV acquisition rates of heterosexual women?


The doctors mentioned above:



02-07-2016, 11:01 AM #2
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I like Karen Strauguhan for the most part, but I think she's reaching with this article. 
The tests were conducted on men since it was mainly men in the prisons and boys in the orphanage. While I agree it's completely wrong and unethical to test on unwilling humans, I don't think the researchers had some nefarious plans against boys, just that those were the most easily accessible people to be tested on.

02-07-2016, 11:18 AM #3
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This is a thread based on factual evidence.  By your comment you'd seem to be taking this as some type pro-male topic, and I'd suspect anti-feminist therefore. It's not. It's just a thread on horrific experiments that have been done on men. They happened.

Men are often the targeted victims.

Quote: Edgewood Medical Research Volunteer Program 

By Hannah Wallen

From 1948-1975, Soldiers at the facility now known as Edgewood Chemical Biological Center were subjected to tests which exposed them to a variety of irritants and toxins, including mustard gas, lewisite, and later dioxin, a chemical used in Agent Orange.

The assignment was labeled voluntary, but the details of what the men would be doing were not disclosed to them prior to their arrival at the camp. Instead, they were given more vague descriptions, some even told they were going to be testing equipment. Some of the men have recounted being coerced into remaining after finding out the truth about the program by superiors who threatened them with jail if they refused after having taken the assignment, and some recount having been threatened with dishonorable discharge if they ever spoke about their experiences.

During the WWII era, subjects were grouped by race, and their reactions to mustard gas and other chemicals was compared in an apparent attempt to find an ethnic group to use on front lines where chemical warfare was being employed by the enemy.

Documents from the Vietnam-era program reveal a variety of chemicals being tested on the men, and show that drugs were used on some of the men to prevent them from remembering their experiences.

The program ended in scandal in 1975, in conjunction with a congressional investigation which had only just begun to expose the abuses it involved, and the lack of follow-up medical care for the soldiers. A 1985 report based on an army-commissioned survey from the Institute of Medicine downplayed the likelihood of long-term toxic effects from the testing. However, former subjects exhibiting long-term effects took legal action, beginning in the 1990s when the experiments were declassified. The Department of Veterans Affairs promised to locate the 4000 men subjected to the worst of the tests and compensate those with permanent injuries.

In 2013, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the army to update the test veterans on issues pertaining to their health, and to provide medical care to those vets. In 2015, an investigation by NPR (National Public Radio) revealed that only 610 of the men the VA had promised to locate and compensate in the 90s had been located and served. Spokesmen for the VA blamed the lack of progress on incomplete records, but NPR was able to locate another 1200 in 2 months using the VA’s list and public records. No word as to whether compensation will be offered to next of kin in the event test veterans are located postmortem, an important question, given that the VA’s 20 years of foot-dragging now has them tracking down men who, if still living, are in their 80s and 90s.







This post was last modified: 02-07-2016, 11:20 AM by Stride.
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02-07-2016, 11:23 AM #4
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Yes, and I agree men are the victims, but I don't think it's because they hate men or something, but that men in large groups who can be experimented on are/were easier to come across than women in large groups of the same nature.

02-07-2016, 11:34 AM #5
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(02-07-2016, 11:23 AM)FlixKandish Wrote:  Yes, and I agree men are the victims, but I don't think it's because they hate men or something, but that men in large groups who can be experimented on are/were easier to come across than women in large groups of the same nature.


"The accumulated filth of all their sex and murder will foam up about their waists and all the whores and politicians will look up and shout ‘Save us!’ And I'll whisper ‘No