MUSLIM

13 9 19 12 9 13

13 21 19 12 9 13

13 21 19 12 21 13 =99 =69

21 + 21 = 42 = Illuminati

13 + 13 = 26 = Z

19 = Over it are 19

19 =

19 + 12 = 31

31 =

13 9 19 12 9 13

13 21 19 12 9 13

13 21 19 12 21 13 =99 =69

21 + 21 = 42 = Illuminati

13 + 13 = 26 = Z

19 = Over it are 19

19 =

Quote:19 is the 8th prime number. The sequence continues 23, 29, 31, 37, ... .

19 is the seventh Mersenne prime exponent.

19 is the aliquot sum of two odd discrete semiprimes, 65 and 77 and is the base of the 19-aliquot tree.

19 is the lowest prime centered triangular number, a centered hexagonal number and a Heegner number.

The only non-trivial normal magic hexagon contains 19 hexagons (the other being 1).

19 is the first number with more than one digit that can be written from base 2 to base 19 using only the digits 0 to 9; the other number is 20.[1]

Technology[edit]

19 is The TCP/IP port used for chargen.

Science[edit]

The atomic number of potassium.

Astronomy: Every 19 years, the solar year and the lunar year align in what's known as the metonic cycle.

Religion[edit]

Islam[edit]

The number of angels guarding Hell ("Hellfire") ("Saqar") according to the Qur'an: "Over it are nineteen" (74:30), after which the Qur'an describes this number as being "a trial for those who disbelieve" (74:31), a sign for people of the scripture to be "convinced" (74:31) and that believers "will increase in faith" (74:31) due to it...

Quran code: There have been claims that patterns of the number 19 are present an unusual number of times in the Qur'an.[1][2]

The Number of Verse and Sura together in the Qur'an which announces Jesus son of Maryam's (Mary's) birth (Qur'an 19:19).

Baha'i faith[edit]

In the Bábí and Bahá'í faiths, a group of 19 is called a Váhid, a Unity (Arabic: واحد wāhid, "one"). The numerical value of this word in the Abjad numeral system is 19.

The Bahá'í calendar is structured such that a year contains 19 months of 19 days each (along with the intercalary period of Ayyám-i-Há), as well as a 19-year cycle and a 361-year (19x19) supercycle.

The Báb and his disciples formed a group of 19.

There were 19 Apostles of Bahá'u'lláh.

Music[edit]

"19" is a 1985 song by Paul Hardcastle, including sampled soundbites taken from a documentary about the Vietnam War in which 19 is claimed to have been the average age of United States soldiers killed in the conflict (an assertion which is widely disputed).[2] The song was parodied by British satirist Rory Bremner under the pseudonym 'The Commentators,' as N-n-nineteen, Not Out, the title referring to the batting average of David Gower, the England cricket captain, during his side's risible performance against the West Indies in 1984 when they lost 5-0.

With a similar name and anti-Vietnam War theme, "I Was Only Nineteen" by the Australian group Redgum reached number one on the Australian charts in 1983. In 2005 a hip hop version of the song was produced by The Herd.

"Hey Nineteen" is a song by American jazz rock band Steely Dan, written by members Walter Becker and Donald Fagen, and released on their 1980 album Gaucho.

Nineteen has been used as an alternative to twelve for a division of the octave into equal parts. This idea goes back to Salinas in the sixteenth century, and is interesting in part because it gives a system of meantone tuning, being close to 1/3 comma meantone. See 19 equal temperament.

Some organs use the 19th harmonic to approximate a minor third.

Literature[edit]

Stephen King's eight-book epic The Dark Tower saga employs the number 19 in books The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger, The Dark Tower V: Wolves of the Calla, The Dark Tower VI: Song of Susannah, The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower, and The Wind Through the Keyhole as a mysterious and important number. They refer to the "ka-tet of 19", "Directive Nineteen," many names add up to 19, 19 seems to permeate every aspect of Roland and his traveler's lives. In addition, the number ends up being a powerful key.

In Jodi Picoult's bestselling book Nineteen Minutes, the number 19 is referenced multiple times. It is most commonly referenced when referring to the main subject of the book, the school shooting rampage that took place over a span of 19 minutes.

Games[edit]

A 19x19 Go board

The game of Go is played on a grid of 19×19 lines (though variants can be played on grids of other sizes).

19 is the command in Age of Empires for the laughing emote.

Though the maximum score for a cribbage hand is 29, there is no combination of cards that adds up to 19 points. Many cribbage players, therefore, jokingly refer to a zero-point hand as "19 points."

In Ecuadorian card game "40", when counting the amount of cards gathered in a hand, the limit is 19, after which the count starts at 6 and represents the points achieved during that hand.

Age 19[edit]

The final year a person is a teenager.

This is the minimum age that is legal to buy tobacco products in the states Alabama, Alaska, New Jersey, Utah and several counties in New York including Nassau, and Onondaga.[3]

This is the minimum age at which one can drink and buy alcohol in Canada except for the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec where the drinking and purchase age of alcohol is 18.

This is the minimum age to marry in the state of Nebraska.

In sports[edit]

In golf the "19th hole" is the clubhouse bar. In miniature golf it is an extra hole on which the winner earns an instant prize.

As of the most recently completed 2012 season, Major League Soccer has 19 teams.

The jersey number 19 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures:

In Major League Baseball:

The Cleveland Indians, for Hall of Famer Bob Feller.

The Milwaukee Brewers, for Hall of Famer Robin Yount.

The San Diego Padres, for Hall of Famer Tony Gwynn.

In the NBA:

The New York Knicks, for Hall of Famer Willis Reed.

In the NFL:

The Baltimore Colts, for Hall of Famer Johnny Unitas, The team has honored this retirement in its current home of Indianapolis.

The Kansas City Chiefs, for Hall of Famer Joe Montana.

The San Diego Chargers, for Hall of Famer Lance Alworth.

In the NHL:

The Colorado Avalanche, for Joe Sakic, who entered the Hockey Hall of Fame in November 2012.

The Detroit Red Wings, for Hall of Famer Steve Yzerman. Some Red Wings fans collectively refer to themselves as "the 19" in his honor.[3]

The Minnesota North Stars, for Bill Masterton. The team has honored this retirement in its current home of Dallas. Masterton died from an on-ice injury in 1968, and to this day remains the only NHL player to have died as a direct result of an injury suffered during an NHL game.

The Montreal Canadiens, for Hall of Famer Larry Robinson.

The New York Islanders, for Hall of Famer Bryan Trottier.

The Vancouver Canucks, for Markus Näslund.

In the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, 19 is the number of the car currently driven by Carl Edwards for Joe Gibbs Racing. It is a 2015 Toyota Camry.

In the Formula One world championship, 19 is the car number of Felipe Massa for Williams Martini Racing.

Other fields[edit]

The Nineteen Propositions was a 1642 petition from parliament to King Charles I of England.

The nineteenth President of the United States was Rutherford B. Hayes.

The nineteenth state to enter the Union of the United States was Indiana

Part of the name of a breakfast cereal: Product 19

The Soviet submarine K-19 was the first Soviet nuclear ballistic submarine

I-19 is the designation for a US Interstate highway in Arizona

19 years is very close to 235 lunations. See Metonic cycle

The number of the French department Corrèze

19 + 12 = 31

31 =

Quote:Thirty-one is the third Mersenne prime (25 − 1) as well as the fourth primorial prime, and together with twenty-nine, another primorial prime, it comprises a twin prime. As a Mersenne prime, 31 is related to the perfect number 496, since 496 = 2(5 − 1)(25 − 1). 31 is the eighth Mersenne prime exponent. 31 is also the 4th lucky prime and the 11th supersingular prime.

31 is a centered triangular number, the lowest prime centered pentagonal number and a centered decagonal number.

For the Steiner tree problem, 31 is the number of possible Steiner topologies for Steiner trees with 4 terminals.

At 31, the Mertens function sets a new low of −4, a value which is not subceded until 110.

31 is a centered pentagonal number

No integer added up to its base 10 digits results in 31, making 31 a self number.

31 is a repdigit in base 5 (111), and base 2 (11111).

The numbers 31, 331, 3331, 33331, 333331, 3333331, and 33333331 are all prime. For a time it was thought that every number of the form 3w1 would be prime. However, the next nine numbers of the sequence are composite; their factorisations are:

333333331 = 17 × 19607843

3333333331 = 673 × 4952947

33333333331 = 307 × 108577633

333333333331 = 19 × 83 × 211371803

3333333333331 = 523 × 3049 × 2090353

33333333333331 = 607 × 1511 × 1997 × 18199

333333333333331 = 181 × 1841620626151

3333333333333331 = 199 × 16750418760469 and

33333333333333331 = 31 × 1499 × 717324094199.

The recurrence of the factor 31 in the last number above can be used to prove that no sequence of the type RwE or ERw can consist only of primes because every prime in the sequence will periodically divide further numbers. Here, 31 divides every fifteenth number in 3w1 (and 331 every 110th).

In science[edit]

The atomic number of gallium

Astronomy[edit]

Messier object M31, a magnitude 4.5 galaxy in the constellation Andromeda. It is also known as the Andromeda Galaxy, and is readily visible to the naked eye in a modestly dark sky.

The New General Catalogue object NGC 31, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Phoenix

The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on -1805 January 31 and ended on -489 March 31 (see Astronomical year numbering). The duration of Saros series 31 was 1316.2 years, and it contained 74 solar eclipses.

The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on -1774 May 30 and ended on -476 July 17. The duration of Saros series 31 was 1298.1 years, and it contained 73 lunar eclipses.

In sports[edit]

The jersey number 31 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats:

In Major League Baseball:

The San Diego Padres, for Dave Winfield.

The Chicago Cubs, for Ferguson Jenkins and Greg Maddux.

The Atlanta Braves, also for Maddux.

In the NBA:

The Boston Celtics, for Cedric Maxwell.

The Indiana Pacers, for Reggie Miller.

In the NHL:

The Edmonton Oilers, for Grant Fuhr.

The New York Islanders, for Billy Smith.

In the NFL:

The Atlanta Falcons, for William Andrews.

The New Orleans Saints, for Jim Taylor.

NASCAR driver Jeff Burton drives #31, a car which was subject to a controversy when one of the sponsors changed its name after merging with another company.

In ice hockey goaltenders often wear the number 31.

In football the number 31 has been retired by Queens Park Rangers F.C. in memory of Ray Jones (footballer born 1988)

In other fields[edit]

Thirty-one is also:

The number of days in the months January, March, May, July, August, October and December

The code for international direct-dial phone calls to the Netherlands

Thirty-one, a card game

A type of game played on a backgammon board

The number of flavors of Baskin-Robbins ice cream; the shops are called 31 Ice Cream in Japan

ISO 31 is the ISO's standard for quantities and units

In the title of the anime Ulysses 31

In the title of Nick Hornby's book 31 Songs

Turkish slang for male masturbation ("otuzbir")

A women's honorary at The University of Alabama (XXXI)

The number of the French department Haute-Garonne

In music, 31-tone equal temperament is a historically significant tuning system (31 equal temperament), first theorized by Christiaan Huygens and promulgated in the 20th century by Adriaan Fokker

Number of letters in Macedonian alphabet

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